The South Slavic language of Croatian (or hrvatski, pronounced [‘hrvʌtski] in Croatian) is most commonly spoken by Croats in Croatia as well as in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Written Croatian documents can be traced back as far as the 9th century, mainly by looking at religious texts. During the 14th and 15th centuries the modern Croatian language emerged from its Old Church Slavonic form and since then has undergone only slight changes.
Writing system: Latin (Gaj’s alphabet)
Official language in: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia (Vojvodina), the European Union